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Linguistics and Strategic Studies: An Introductory Course
Instructor - Alfia Wallace
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More about Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language. The following are seven broad areas it covers.

  1. Sound - Phonology & Phonetics - Sound and sound patterns in language. The production, perception and analysis of sounds. Phonemes vs. allophones.
  2. Grammar - Morphology & Syntax - Morphology studies the meaningful components in words. Syntax studies how words fit together into sentences.
  3. Meaning - Semantics & Semiotics
  4. Culture - Sociolinguistics & Anthropological linguistics
  5. Change - Historical and comparative linguistics, evolutionary biology
  6. Learning - Applied Linguisitics, Neurolinguistics & Language Acquisition
  7. Computers - Computational Linguistics, Cryptology

You can find a more in-depth description of the areas of linguistics at Wikipedia.



1. What sounds exist in other languages that we do not have in English?

2. What dialects or variants of English can you name? Can you understand them all? Listen to the samples. Sample 1 * Sample 2 * Sample 3 * Speech Accent Archive

3. Why might it be important to understand or reproduce a very different dialect? In what jobs would this be important?

4. How can we write down (transcribe) these dialect differences?

The International Phonetic Alphabet

The discrepancy between spelling and sounds led to the formation of the International Phonetics Alphabet (IPA.) The symbols used in this alphabet can be used to represent all sounds of all human languages. The International Phonetic Alphabet.