Roman Aqueduct

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Lesson II - Part 2

Basic English Morphology - Handout

Where do we find Greek and Latin roots in English? Everywhere!

Government, Law & the Military

We owe a great debt to the Greek model of democratic government and to the Roman model of a republic. Many English legal and military terms are from Latin.

            Greek – democracy, hegemony, theocracy, autocrat, plutocrat, oligarch, kleptocracy
            Latin – politics, legislature, legal, republic, congress, senate, representative, fascism, public, martial, encampment, capitol

Medicine: Most medical terms in English are from Greek.

            Greek -cardiology, pathology, pharmacology, hemodynamics, caduceus, Hippocratic, stethoscope, thermometer, pulmonology, bronchitis, trachea, hypodermic, epidermis
            Latin – femur, cerebrum, humerous, disease,

Math & Engineering
            Greek – geometry, protractor, polygon, diameter, radius, algorithm, logarithm, graph, dynamics
            Latin – triangle, circle, volume, sum, subtract, calculus, aqueduct, ductile, conduct, function

The Arts
            Greek – theater, drama, comedy, humor, tragedy, poetry, meter, metaphor, parody, pathos, pathetic, epigram, epitaph,
            Latin – verse, farce, simile, satire, depiction,

Philosophy & Science
            Greek – philosophy, physics, metaphysics, agnostic, atheist, geology, meteor, pedagogy, didactic, photosynthesis,
            Latin – religion, astronomy, canine, feline, bovine,
Many scientific genus and species names are from Greek and Latin. 

Religion & Mythology
The Christian Bible was written in Greek and then translated into Latin.  Many religious terms from Greek and Latin came into English through its exposure to Christianity. 
            Greek – prophet, catechism, synagogue, cathedral, theology, christen
            Latin – religion, names of the months